2013 Land Rover Range Rover
September 10, 2012. Land Rover has announced the launch of the all-new Range Rover, the world's most refined and capable SUV. The fourth generation of the iconic Land Rover Range Rover line, the new model has been developed from the ground up to provide the ultimate luxury SUV, following the innovative spirit of the original design from over 40 years ago.
The world's first SUV with a lightweight all-aluminium body, the new Range Rover takes the capabilities of the marque's flagship to a new level, with even greater luxury and refinement, enhanced performance and handling on all terrains, and significant advances in sustainability.
"Launching the all-new Range Rover represents a major milestone for Land Rover, being the first exciting output from an unprecedented investment in premium vehicle technologies," said John Edwards, Land Rover Global Brand Director.
"The new Range Rover preserves the essential, unique character of the vehicle - that special blend of luxury, performance and unmatched all-terrain capability. However, its clean sheet design and revolutionary lightweight construction have enabled us to transform the experience for luxury vehicle customers, with a step change in comfort, refinement and handling."
With sales scheduled to start in late 2012, the all-new Land Rover Range Rover will be introduced in 170 markets worldwide.
Designed and engineered at Land Rover's development centres in the UK, the new Range Rover will be produced in a state-of-the-art new low-energy manufacturing facility at Solihull, UK.
Clean and contemporary design
The all-new Range Rover has a clean and elegant shape which is derived from a fresh new interpretation of Range Rover design cues. While instantly recognisable as a Range Rover, the new vehicle takes a significant step forward with a bold evolution of the model's iconic design language.
At just under 5m long, the new Range Rover has a very similar footprint to the outgoing model, but with a smoother and more streamline profile - the most aerodynamic Range Rover ever, with a drag coefficient starting from 0.34 - the roofline sits 20mm lower in access mode.
The luxurious interior has a modern and pure character, incorporating distinctive Range Rover design cues, but with a fresh and very contemporary treatment. The cabin retains the characteristic strong, architectural forms, and these are emphasised by extremely clean and elegant surfaces which are flawlessly executed using the finest leathers and veneers.
With over 118mm more legroom, the rear compartment offers vastly more space and comfort, with the option of the desirable new two-seat Executive Class seating package for the ultimate in rear-seat luxury.
To enable customers to create their perfect bespoke vehicle, the unique luxury ambience of the new Land Rover Range Rover can be extensively tailored with an indulgent choice of colours, finishes and special details, from the immaculately-trimmed colour-themed interiors of the exclusive Autobiography series, to the stylish range of alloy wheels up to 22 inches in diameter.
Most refined, most capable Range Rover ever
The all-new Range Rover has been engineered from the ground up to be the most refined, most capable Range Rover ever. With the adoption of the latest body and chassis technologies, the vehicle's all-terrain performance has moved on to another level, both in the breadth and accessibility of its off-road capability, and its on-road handling and refinement.
Amongst the industry-leading innovations is a ground-breaking next-generation version of Land Rover's Terrain Response® system, which analyses the current driving conditions and automatically select the most suitable vehicle settings.
An all-new state-of-the-art lightweight suspension architecture delivers class-leading wheel travel, providing exceptional wheel articulation and composure to deal with the toughest conditions.
Outstanding traction and dynamic stability is provided by the proven Range Rover full-time intelligent 4WD system, with a two-speed transfer box, working in parallel with the sophisticated electronic traction control systems.
The new Range Rover's unmatched breadth of capability is also reflected in its tremendously strong structure with enhanced body geometry for all-terrain conditions, wading depth which has improved by 200mm to 900mm, and its position as the best towing vehicle in its class with a 3,500kg trailer capability.
To ensure exceptional durability and reliability, the new Range Rover has been subjected to Land Rover's punishing on- and off-road test and development regime, with a fleet of development vehicles covering countless thousands of miles over 18 months of arduous tests in over 20 countries with extremes of climate and road surfaces.
Refined and effortless driving experience
Range Rovers are renowned for providing occupants a sensation of serene isolation from the hectic world outside, and the new model has been engineered to meet the highest luxury car standards for refinement.
Meticulous attention to detail throughout the development process has eliminated all unwanted sounds and traces of harshness, and measures like the rigorously optimised body structure, acoustic lamination of the windscreen and side door glass, and new dual-isolated engine mounts have led to a significant reduction in noise levels.
The new chassis architecture is combined with completely re-engineered four-corner air suspension, and together they have enabled engineers to achieve even more luxurious ride comfort and refinement, in addition to transformed on-road handling, with more confident and agile cornering.
With its highly acclaimed line-up of torque-rich engines, the new Range Rover delivers swift and effortless performance. Customers have a choice of a petrol 510PS LR-V8 Supercharged and two diesel (3.0-litre 258PS TDV6 and 4.4-litre 339PS SDV8) engines, all of which are now paired with a smooth and responsive eight-speed automatic transmission.
True to the Land Rover Range Rover DNA, the new model features the unique Command Driving Position, placing the driver in an elevated, upright seating position - typically over 90mm higher than other premium SUVs - to provide a supreme sense of confidence and control.
Lightweight construction enhances performance and sustainability
The all-new Range Rover features a revolutionary all-aluminium monocoque body structure which is 39 per cent lighter than the steel body in the outgoing model.
Continuing Jaguar Land Rover's leadership in such aerospace-inspired, high-performance lightweight structures, the all-aluminium body enables the new vehicle to significantly enhance both performance and efficiency.
Combined with weight savings throughout the chassis and driveline, the lightweight structure contributes to a model-for-model weight saving of up to 350kg compared to the outgoing vehicle.
This weight saving heightens the characteristic Range Rover sensation of effortless performance, but also improves efficiency. For example, the 510PS LR-V8 Supercharged model can now accelerate from 0-60mph in just 5.1 seconds, a reduction of 0.8 seconds over the outgoing model. Fuel consumption, however, is cut by 9 per cent.
The lighter structure has also made it possible to introduce the sophisticated 3.0-litre TDV6 engine into the model line. With performance just as strong as the previous 4.4-litre TDV8 Range Rover, the smaller engine takes the total weight saving up to 420kg, and delivers a dramatic 22 per cent reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, achieving figures of 37.7mpg (7.5 lit/100km) and 196g/km.
The new Range Rover's environmental credentials will be further enhanced by the introduction of a state-of-the-art high-efficiency diesel hybrid model later in 2013 (target CO2 169g/km).
Premium Range Rover technologies
The all-new Range Rover has been engineered with the latest developments in vehicle technologies, from interior luxury features to advanced chassis and driver assistance technologies.
The interior is packed with a full suite of premium features to provide both front and rear seat passengers with the same peerless luxury experience. Their well-being is assured by the latest interior technologies for comfort, convenience and seamless connectivity. The new and improved features include:
- Convenience - premium features including keyless entry, soft door close with power latching, power upper and lower tailgates, cooler compartments, and electrically deployable towbar
- High-end audio - exclusive Meridian surround sound music systems with audiophile-quality sound
- Displays - state-of-the-art high-resolution displays, include the stunning full digital instrument cluster and the central 8-inch touch-screen with Dual-View functionality
- Voice control and connectivity - a seamless connectivity package for mobile devices
- Climate control - all-new best-in-class climate control systems, including the powerful new premium four-zone system and Park Heater timer facility
- Luxurious seating - upgraded seating with luxurious new features such as multi-mode massage, and the exclusive new Executive Class rear seating package
- Interior illumination - the latest LED illumination for subtle and sophisticated ambient lighting, including the ability to change the colour scheme to suit the driver's mood
To enhance dynamic performance, and to ensure that drivers enjoy a relaxed and stress-free experience behind the wheel, the new Range Rover incorporates a comprehensive range of advanced chassis and driver assistance technologies. Among the new and enhanced features are:
- Two-channel Dynamic Response active lean control, and Adaptive Dynamics with continuously variable damping
- Electric Power Assisted Steering, which enables Park Assist - the latest automated technology to help drivers parallel park their car in tight urban parking spots
- Adaptive Cruise Control - with new Queue Assist feature which allows the system to continue functioning at low speeds and down to a complete stop
- Intelligent Emergency Braking (including Advanced Emergency Brake Assist) - to help drivers avoid a collision if the traffic ahead slows quickly or another vehicle suddenly moves into their lane
- Blind Spot Monitoring - with new Closing Vehicle Sensing feature to detect vehicles which are closing quickly from a further distance behind
- Reverse Traffic Detection - to warn drivers of potential collisions during reversing manoeuvres
- Surround Camera System - with T Junction view, Trailer reverse park guidance, and Trailer hitch guidance.
RANGE ROVER DESIGN
The unmistakable design of the Land Rover Range Rover, from its distinctive silhouette to the strong architecture of its cabin, has been at the core of the model's appeal.
In developing the new model, Range Rover designers were able to call upon this rich heritage, but set out to create a fresh new vision which would be relevant for a whole new generation of Range Rover customers.
"To many owners, the design of the Range Rover has become something of an icon," said Gerry McGovern, Land Rover design director. "So our goal with the new product was to retain that distinctive spirit, but with a thoroughly modern interpretation of Range Rover design cues."
Clean and contemporary design - but unmistakeably Range Rover
The all-new Range Rover has a clean and elegant shape which is derived from a fresh new interpretation of Range Rover design cues. While instantly recognisable as a Range Rover, the new vehicle takes a significant step forward with a bold evolution of the model's iconic design language.
Its smoother and more contemporary appearance signals the advanced technology under the skin, and is destined to expand the Range Rover's appeal to a whole new generation of customers.
"Designing the next generation Range Rover, following over forty years of success, came with a huge responsibility to protect the DNA of such an icon," said Gerry McGovern, Land Rover Design Director and Chief Creative Officer.
"Our design team worked incredibly hard to capture the elegant proportions and pure surfaces which have been a feature of the best Range Rover designs."
At just under 5m long, the new model has a very similar footprint to the current Range Rover, but with a smoother and more aerodynamic shape, the roofline sits 20mm lower in access mode.
The elegant proportions of the body, along with the subtle taper to the roofline and the pure, clean treatment of the body surfaces, further enhance the more flowing and contemporary feel.
Fresh new interpretations of the classic design cues help to capture that essential Range Rover spirit, including the signature clamshell bonnet with its distinctive castellations, the floating roof, and the graphic of the side fender vents.
With its deep, imposing grille and distinctive headlamp graphics, the front-end retains a powerful Range Rover character. However, the rearward slope of the grille, the more sculpted corners, along with the faster A-pillar angle, all point to the more streamlined nature of the shape.
The sleeker and more aerodynamic profile is also evident at the rear, where there is a distinctive taper to the bodywork, lending a more compact feel to the rear of the vehicle.
Distinctive design details
The vehicle's fresh and contemporary appearance is enhanced by carefully crafted design details which help to give the new Range Rover its distinctive character.
One of the first to catch the eye is the very modern interpretation of the side fender vent graphic, which is now executed on the surface of the front doors. Innovative engineering solutions mean that a functional vent is no longer required - benefitting wading performance in deep water - which gave designers the freedom to adopt a more creative solution for this traditional Range Rover design cue.
Lower down the door structure, distinctive accent graphics sweep around the body and flow into the rear of the car, and are continued in the front and rear bumpers. With an attractive silver metal finish, the graphics hint at the aluminium structure of the car coming out of the surface.
Another of the unique Range Rover design cues, the bold graphic of the floating roof, has been enhanced by designers through the adoption of near-flush side glazing, combined with a premium gloss black finish to the pillars. In addition to highlighting the roof graphic, the clean execution of the glazing also emphasises the more streamlined form of the body.
Advanced lighting systems provide another eye-catching feature, and the front lamps continue the bold evolution of the face of Range Rover, with highly distinctive signature graphics using LED light blade technology which feature the trademark interlocking circles. Designers have executed the main projector beam units with technical graphics that resemble a high performance camera lens.
At the rear, the lamps develop the stacked treatment of the current model with a striking new design that is completely executed using LED technology. The main tail and stop lamps have a bold square pattern, while the direction indicators use a new interpretation of the 'triple line' graphic used on the current model.
The lighting story is completed by a 'hidden until lit' high-mounted LED stop lamp which is positioned under the spoiler across the full width of the tailgate, creating an exciting blade of light across the rear of the vehicle.
Land Rover Range Rover interior - the best place to be
"A Range Rover interior is something special - simply, it gives our customers the feeling that there is no better place to be," said Gerry McGovern. "We have made sure that the new model delivers exactly the same sense of well-being, with a highly contemporary design which offers a completely new level of quality and refinement."
Designers set out to create an interior environment with a modern and pure character, incorporating distinctive Range Rover design cues, but with a fresh and very contemporary treatment.
The cabin retains the characteristic strong, architectural forms, and these are emphasised by extremely clean and elegant surfaces which are flawlessly executed using the finest leathers and veneers.
Building on the signature Range Rover interior architecture, the centrepiece of the cabin is the bold intersection between the strong horizontal elements of the instrument panel and the vertical lines of the centre stack.
Through the centre of the cabin, a powerful new graphic is created by the broad centre console which runs between the driver and front passenger. The console has a beautifully sculptured veneer surface which appears to float above the supporting trim, and draws attention to the sheer quality of the materials on display.
The clean, contemporary lines of the instrument panel and console reflect the effort to refine and simplify the interior. For example, the control layout features 50% fewer switches, to deliver a more elegant driving environment and ensure the driver remains calm and in control.
Designers gave special attention to the comfort of rear seat passengers, and the new Range Rover offers significantly more legroom, plus the option of luxurious Executive Class Seating with 2 individual, fully-adjustable seats.
New level of material quality
Material quality has been raised to a new level on the new Range Rover, with the clean, elegant lines of the cabin highlighting the flawless execution and attention to detail.
The interior is upholstered in the finest natural materials including beautiful leathers and veneers, with immaculate metal finishes giving the finishing touch. All of the trimmed surfaces, such as the instrument panel and door trim, now feature a soft and luxurious wrapped finish, further enhancing the cabin's visual and tactile appeal.
In true Range Rover style, two grades of premium quality leather are lavishly applied to the interior, covering virtually every surface from the seats and instrument panel to the doors and headlining. High series models feature the finest Semi Aniline leather, with beautifully soft high-grade hides which have been hand-picked for their exceptional suppleness and natural appearance.
The sumptuous leather seats and wrapped interior surfaces are finished off with beautifully tailored twin-needle stitching, which has a traditional handcrafted quality.
Each element of the stitching is specified precisely by Range Rover experts, from the length and direction of the stitching, to the spin, thickness and material of the thread. Even the size and shape of the needle is defined, to guarantee that the highest quality finish is delivered consistently.
The bold architecture of the interior is highlighted by the stunning choice of luxurious veneers and finishes, including three real wood veneers sourced from sustainable sources. The sculptured veneer surfaces of the centre console and door panels are exquisitely hand crafted by experienced Range Rover specialists.
Uncompromising attention to detail
The step change in material quality, and interior's bold architecture and clean surfaces, are further emphasised by an uncompromising attention to detail throughout the cabin.
This focus on impeccable craftsmanship is well illustrated by the authentic metal details, which are cool to the touch and stunning to look at, and provide a stylish contrast to the opulent leather and veneers surfaces.
Striking examples include the bold brushed aluminium pillars each side of the centre stack, the rotary transmission control with its precision machined finish, and the distinctive air vents with each blade highlighted with a key line of satin chrome.
Typifying the attention to detail, the aluminium finish on the centre stack is created using a unique approach which involves the aluminium material passing through more than 20 distinct processes to provide an exquisitely crafted finish.
The clean, smooth lines of the centre console which forms a centrepiece of the cabin have been delivered through meticulous design of the veneer surfaces, the control panels and the stowage areas. This is exemplified by the sliding shutter which covers the cup holders, which has a beautifully crafted solid lid which slides smoothly into a recess in the centre stack.
Customers will also appreciate the sophisticated LED mood lighting, which has been carefully designed to enhance the luxurious ambience of the interior, and highlight the cabin's distinctive architecture. Higher series models offer customer configurable lighting, with the ability to vary the colours according to the occupants' mood.
Creating the ultimate bespoke vehicle
Land Rover Range Rover customers across the world demand a high level of individual choice, and the new model offers an outstanding range of colours, finishes, seating options and special details for the ultimate bespoke vehicle.
The unique luxury ambience of the Range Rover can be extensively tailored with an indulgent choice of features, which includes a generous selection of immaculately-trimmed colour-themed interiors, accompanied by a recommended list of Designer Choice colour combinations.
Among the desirable new features introduced with the new Range Rover are a broader choice of interior and exterior colour options, alloy wheels up to 22 inches in diameter, and the ultimate luxury of the Rear Executive Class Seating package.
The exclusive Autobiography series provides an even higher level of bespoke tailoring for the discerning customer, including a spectacular choice of 22 unique paint finishes.
The full choice of individual options to enable Range Rover customers to create their own special and unique vehicle includes:
- 17 interior colour themes, plus additional choice of seat colour
- 3 interior veneers at launch, with more to follow
- 3 headlining colours
- rear Executive Class seating
- 37 exterior paint finishes, including 22 unique Autobiography colours
- 2 contrast roof colours - Santorini Black or Indus Silver
- 8 alloy wheel designs on 19-, 20-, 21- and 22-inch wheels
- alternative Dark Atlas finish for the exterior accents
- full-size panoramic roof
- illuminated tread plates
- electrically deployable side steps
- electrically deployable towbar
From the very first model introduced over 40 years ago, unmatched all-terrain capability and performance has been a fundamental element of the Range Rover DNA.
Now, with the launch of the fourth generation vehicle in 2012, those Land Rover genes are just as strong. Indeed, with the adoption of the latest body and chassis technologies, the performance of the Range Rover has moved on to another level, both in its on-road handling and refinement, and the breadth and accessibility of its off-road capability.
"We have engineered this vehicle from the ground up to be the most versatile, most capable Range Rover ever," said Nick Rogers, Range Rover Vehicle Line Director. "Some customers may take for granted that this vehicle will cope with anything it's asked to do, and we have used our all of our experience and technology to exceed their expectations once again."
Class-leading all-terrain performance - with innovative Terrain Response® system
Building on Land Rover's legendary heritage in vehicles capable of tackling the toughest climates and road surfaces, the all-new Range Rover has been developed to achieve class-leading all-terrain capability, with supreme composure in all conditions.
With its advanced lightweight body structure, state-of-the-art new suspension design and unique Terrain Response® technologies, the new model has raised its standards once again, both in terms of its on-road capability, and its unmatched off-road performance.
Amongst the industry-leading innovations is a ground-breaking next-generation version of Land Rover's Terrain Response® system which is introduced for the first time, and which takes the capabilities of the award-winning system to a new level.
Developed by a team of Land Rover specialists with extensive experience in all-terrain technologies, Terrain Response® 2 features an Auto setting which uses sophisticated 'intelligent' systems to analyse the current driving conditions, and automatically select the most suitable terrain program.
Ensuring that the vehicle is always driving using the optimum mode, the new system is able to switch completely automatically between the five settings: General; Grass/Gravel/Snow; Mud/Ruts; Sand; and Rock Crawl. Like all Terrain Response® systems, each setting optimises driveability and traction by adapting the responses of the car's engine, gearbox, centre differential and chassis systems to match the demands of the terrain.
While it functions completely automatically, Terrain Response® 2 will also provide the driver with additional input, such as advising when to select low range or the off-road ride height when the system calculates that it is necessary.
Alex Heslop, Range Rover Chief Programme Engineer, explained: "Land Rover's Terrain Response® system has always led the industry in helping drivers to maximise their vehicle's potential as they tackle challenging conditions. By adding an automatic mode, Land Rover engineers have moved the game on once more. Even non-expert drivers will be able to benefit from the system's full capabilities, confident that the vehicle is configured in the best possible way for each moment of their journey - however tough the conditions."
To complement the Terrain Response® system, the new Range Rover can also call upon a unique suite of all-terrain technologies to help maximise performance and safety, including Hill Descent Control (HDC), Gradient Release Control (GRC), Hill Start Assist (HSA), Dynamic Stability Control (DSC), Electronic Traction Control (ETC), and Roll Stability Control (RSC).
In addition to being upgraded with the latest tuning and functionality, the operation of these braking and stability systems is enhanced by the latest Bosch 6-piston brake modulator which delivers faster responses and smoother, quieter and more precise operation.
State-of-the-art lightweight suspension architecture
Another key factor in the enhanced driving capability of the new Range Rover is a state-of-the-art new lightweight suspension architecture.
The result of an extensive Land Rover research programme to identify a next-generation suspension concept for premium AWD vehicles, the suspension systems use a clean sheet design which promises to deliver best-in-class vehicle dynamics.
Primarily constructed from lightweight aluminium components, the suspension concept is fully-independent, with a wide-spaced double-wishbone design at the front and an advanced multi-link layout at the rear.
The new suspension system delivers class-leading wheel travel - with 260mm of movement at the front and 310mm at the rear, compared to less than 200mm for most competitor vehicles - providing exceptional wheel articulation and composure to deal with the toughest conditions.
As on previous Range Rovers, the lightweight chassis architecture is combined with four-corner air suspension to optimise the vehicle's versatility both on- and off-road. The air springs offer variable ride height, and are cross-linked for maximum axle articulation.
To achieve superior performance, both in terms of ride quality and the ability to change swiftly between the different ride heights, the air suspension hardware has been completely re-engineered.
The characteristic Range Rover imperious ride quality has been improved through the fitment of new low-hysteresis front air springs, which are able to absorb small irregularities much more effectively. The springs use a thinner, suppler material, which is protected by a metal casing.
Dynamic Response and Adaptive Dynamics
The performance of the suspension systems on the new Land Rover Range Rover is further enhanced by the use of advanced chassis technologies to optimise vehicle dynamics.
For the first time on the Range Rover, Land Rover's Dynamic Response active lean control system is available. Fitted as standard to SDV8 and LR-V8 S/C models, the Range Rover system uses next-generation two-channel technology for superior performance.
By dramatically reducing the amount of body lean during cornering, Dynamic Response transforms vehicle handling and occupant comfort. The latest two channel system is capable of controlling the front and rear axles independently, allowing it to be tuned to deliver increased low-speed agility, along with enhanced control and stability at speed.
The new system has also been designed to improve ride comfort and reduce 'head toss' by detecting and eliminating the body rock induced by uneven road surfaces.
As with previous Land Rover active lean control systems, off-road capability is actually enhanced when the system is fitted. If the system detects off-road conditions, the control module isolates the stabilizer bar and reduces the level of roll compensation, thus allowing greater wheel articulation and increasing the contact patch with the terrain.
Adaptive Dynamics, featuring continuously variable dampers, is a standard feature on all new Range Rovers, providing the optimum balance of ride and control by offering infinitely variable damper settings between soft and firm extremes.
The Adaptive Dynamics system monitors vehicle movements at least 500 times a second, reacting to driver or road inputs virtually instantaneously to give greater control and minimise body roll, providing a composed, flat ride. The system will even sense off-road conditions, and optimise damping accordingly.
Full-time intelligent 4WD system
Range Rovers are renowned for their ability to find drive on the most challenging low-grip surfaces, and the latest model builds on that experience by featuring the proven Range Rover full-time intelligent 4WD system, with a two-speed transfer box providing a low-range option for difficult conditions off-road or when towing.
The heart of the 4WD system is the transfer box which provides permanent four-wheel-drive via a bevel gear centre differential, with a 50/50 torque split. Outstanding traction and dynamic stability is maintained through an electronically controlled multi-plate clutch which provides a centre differential lock and torque biasing function.
Using wheel slip information from a range of vehicle sensors, the control unit uses the multi-plate clutch to distribute torque between the wheels in the optimum way, working in parallel with the sophisticated electronic traction control systems.
The transfer box offers selectable high and low range, using a two-speed fully synchronized 'shift on the move' system which allows the driver to change range at speeds up to 60km/h without having to stop the vehicle, providing exceptional flexibility when tackling challenging conditions
High-range provides a direct drive with a 1:1 ratio, while low-range provides a ratio of 2.93:1, giving an extremely low crawl speed for off-road driving or for towing heavy trailers.
To further optimise traction and stability in extreme conditions, customers can also specify an Active Rear Locking Differential on SDV8 and LR-V8 S/C models.
Command Driving Position enhances confidence and control
The Command Driving Position, which provides drivers with a supreme sense of confidence and control whatever the road conditions, is an essential part of the Range Rover DNA.
Like its predecessors, the new Range Rover places the driver in an elevated, upright seating position which offers a reassuring, almost imperious, view of the vehicle and its surroundings.
The sense of control offered by the elevated driving position is enhanced by the vehicle's outboard seating location with clear visibility to the side, and outstanding forward visibility over the characteristic sunken profile of the bonnet, all of which contribute to the unique Range Rover character.
Throughout the development process, meticulous optimisation of the vehicle design and interior package - much of it using the sophisticated 3D CAVE virtual simulator - ensured that the new model retained its class-leading all-round visibility, while overall roominess increased significantly.
In fact, upward vision for the front row occupants was improved, enhancing visibility in undulating terrain and improving the view of overhead signs and traffic lights.
Like all Range Rovers, the new model had headroom targets which included provision for off-road head movements. These targets were rigidly enforced, resulting in more generous headroom, and enhanced clearance during off-road excursions.
Intuitive controls with clear and elegant layout
To enhance the relaxing and confident driving experience encouraged by the Command Driving Position, the new Range Rover is distinguished by a carefully conceived system of controls and displays which combines a stylish, uncluttered layout with state-of-the-art functionality.
The control layout has been dramatically simplified, with 50% fewer switches, to deliver class-leading ease-of-use and intuitiveness, while also emphasising the clean, elegant lines of the cabin.
Developing the state-of-the-art display technology pioneered by the outgoing model, the new Range Rover features two primary high-resolution display screens - a 12.3-inch display for the main instrument pack, and an 8-inch touchscreen unit for infotainment and secondary functions, with optional Dual View.
The screen graphics on both displays are very elegant, having been meticulously designed to create the impression of 3D surfaces, beautifully lit with subtle chrome detailing. Each display is able to adapt its content according to the driving situation, eliminating unnecessary details and presenting the most important information in a clear and simple form.
The intuitive and elegant approach is reflected in the other major controls, such as the rotary Drive Select and Terrain Response® controls on the centre console, the simplified Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning dials, and the twin five-way toggle switches and auxiliary functions on the steering wheel.
Engineered for total capability
From the very start of the development process, the new Range Rover has been designed and engineered to deliver the incredible breadth of capability which the marque is famous for, from the ability to tackle the toughest terrains to its class-leading towing capacity.
Ensuring the vehicle is true to this Range Rover heritage has required continuous attention to the fundamental engineering requirements which underpin this performance, including developing a tremendously strong structure, achieving suitable body geometry and suspension capability for off-road agility, and integrating full towing functionality.
Optimising the new body structure began with the most extensive optimisation process ever undertaken by Land Rover, with unprecedented use of advanced computer simulation - demanding well over 1000 years of processor time - to deliver outstanding strength and durability, excellent safety and minimum weight.
To analyse the punishing off-road load cases which really push the structure to its limits, such as the crunching 'ditch drop' impact, engineers turned to the specialised and incredibly powerful simulation tools more typically used to model crash events.
The new Range Rover features enhanced body geometry for all-terrain conditions, and provides 17mm more ground clearance at 303mm (measured at the off-road ride height), and improved approach and departure angles. The vehicle underfloor has been specially designed to provide a smooth surface, with a smooth transition between suspension components, to reduce susceptibility to damage or interference.
Wading depth has also improved significantly to 900mm, an increase of 200mm. This is partly enabled by an innovative air intake system, which draws air between the inner and outer bonnet panels at the sides of the vehicle before it flows down into the intake system in the sides of the engine compartment.
The re-engineered air suspension system has also significantly enhanced off-road capability, by introducing an automatic system which varies between two ride heights (+40mm, +75mm) when the off-road setting is selected, rather than a single +55mm position.
This provides 20mm increased maximum ground clearance at speeds below 50km/h, while the +40mm intermediate setting means that the off-road mode can remain available at much higher speeds (80km/h vs 50km/h) than was possible before, which is very valuable in terrain with long, rutted dirt roads.
Careful tuning also means the suspension system is better able to detect deep wading conditions or situations when ride height adjustment is actually required to prevent grounding.
The new Range Rover further improves the model's position as the best towing vehicle in its class with a 3,500kg trailer capability, and the availability of a new electrically deployable towbar. Key additional features to enhance the towing experience include the Surround Camera system with Tow Assist for easier hitching and reversing, and the Trailer Stability Assist system.
Alex Heslop, Range Rover Chief Programme Engineer, said: "Like all Range Rovers before it, we have engineered the new model to have the broadest range of capabilities in its class - this is a vehicle which is completely fit for purpose. It has also survived Land Rover's legendary testing regime, which subjects the vehicle to 18 months of gruelling tests in the harshest conditions imaginable."
Land Rover toughness and durability
With an unprecedented engineering development process using state-of-the-art virtual simulation tools, followed by the Land Rover's punishing on- and off-road test and development regime, the new Land Rover Range Rover has been engineered to achieve exceptional durability and reliability.
While the initial engineering and optimisation is conducted almost exclusively using computer simulation, vehicle performance and robustness is verified through extensive physical testing, using both driven and rig-based regimes.
Well over 20,000 physical tests have been completed across all components and systems, with a fleet of development vehicles covering countless thousands of miles over 18 months of arduous tests in over 20 countries with extremes of climate and road surfaces.
Prototypes are driven in challenging off-road conditions such as sand, mud and snow, and their durability is put to the test in extreme exercises to prove out deep wading, underfloor vulnerability, snatch recovery and towing at maximum GTW. Further extreme strength tests include worst-case scenarios such as driving into kerbs at speed, bridge jumps, ditch drops and sideways kerb strikes.
Punishing longer test regimes provide the ultimate challenge for durability and reliability including the month-long 'king of the sand' durability test in intense Middle East desert heat, a 5,000 mile flat-out endurance drive at the Nürburgring circuit, and gruelling off-road test cycles involving thousands of miles at challenging UK proving grounds.
Range Rover Powertrain
The new Range Rover delivers effortless performance and imperious refinement with its highly acclaimed line-up of torque-rich petrol and diesel engines, all of which are now paired with a smooth and responsive eight-speed automatic transmission.
The vehicle's lightweight aluminium platform has helped to deliver significant enhancements in performance, fuel economy and CO2 emissions.
Among the powertrain innovations on the new Range Rover is the availability of the sophisticated Land Rover TDV6 diesel engine, which combines outstanding performance with exceptional efficiency, achieving CO2 emissions from 196g/km.
Refined and responsive TDV6 diesel
Available in the Range Rover for the first time, the refined and ultra-efficient 258PS 3.0-litre TDV6 diesel delivers effortless performance combined with unprecedented fuel economy and emissions.
The innovative lightweight technology of the new Range Rover enables the TDV6 engine to match the outstanding performance of the outgoing TDV8 model, while cutting fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by an amazing 22 per cent when equipped with stop/start, achieving 196g/km.
With a substantial maximum torque of 600Nm, the TDV6 is capable of refined and smoothly responsive performance, sweeping from 0 - 60 MPH in just 7.4 seconds.
To achieve the unprecedented blend of refined performance and remarkable efficiency, the TDV6 engine has been extensively optimised for the new vehicle.
The engine uses a new eight-nozzle low-flow injector design for more precise injection and improved fuel atomisation, a revised intake system with twin intercoolers offers enhanced charge cooling, and the engine features the latest tandem solenoid intelligent stop/start system for further reduced fuel consumption and emissions
Like the SDV8, the V6 has been designed using the innovative parallel sequential turbocharging concept which delivers outstanding performance and responsiveness throughout the rev range.
Range Rover's outstanding SDV8 diesel
The magnificent SDV8 diesel was designed exclusively for the Range Rover, and for the new model its power rises to an impressive 339PS, an increase of 9 per cent. The 4.4-litre 'super-diesel' combines huge reserves of power with impressively low emissions and unparalleled levels of refinement.
With a staggering 700Nm produced between 1750 and 3000rpm, the SDV8 delivers completely effortless performance, surging from 0-60 MPH in 6.5 seconds, a full 1.0 second faster than the outgoing model.
The engine's outstanding fuel efficiency is reflected in CO2 emissions of 229g/km, which represents a further reduction in emissions of 10 per cent over the outgoing model.
The SDV8 achieves its incomparable blend of supreme driveability and refinement through advanced diesel technologies, most notably the innovative parallel sequential turbocharging concept which delivers outstanding performance and responsiveness throughout the rev range.
The power increase for the new Range Rover was achieved through a revised intake system with twin intercoolers and an optimised calibration. The updated installation also achieves a 10kg weight saving, through the use of cast alloy engine mounts (in place of iron) and a redesigned sump.
Formidable 510PS Supercharged V8
The incomparable 510PS 5.0-litre LR-V8 supercharged engine retains its place at the pinnacle of the Range Rover line-up.
With huge reserves of power and torque, the scale of the performance on offer is reflected in the 0-60mph time of 5.1 seconds (0.8 seconds faster than the outgoing model), all achieved with supreme refinement.
Efficiency has been further improved in the new Range Rover, with CO2 emissions of 322g/km, a reduction of 7 per cent over the outgoing model.
The LR-V8 has a compact and lightweight all-aluminium design, with class-leading low levels of internal friction. For new model, the engine has been re-optimised around a state-of-the-art new Bosch engine management system.
The engine features high-pressure direct injection with an industry-leading centrally-mounted, multi-hole, spray-guided injection system. Efficiency is further enhanced by an innovative cam torque actuated dual independent variable camshaft timing system (VCT).
The 510PS engine is fitted with a sixth-generation, twin vortex system (TVS) supercharger which offers superior thermodynamic efficiency and extremely refined noise levels.
Advanced 8-speed automatic transmission
All petrol and diesel engines in the new Range Rover are paired with the advanced electronically controlled ZF 8HP70 8-speed automatic gearbox, which has been tuned by Range Rover engineers to combine silky-smooth shifting with exceptionally rapid response and outstanding fuel economy.
With eight closely-spaced ratios, gear changes are almost imperceptible, with each shift completed in just 200 milliseconds - four times faster than the average human resting heartbeat.
Controls include steering wheel-mounted paddle-shift as standard, enabling the driver to take control of gear shifting manually - the transmission will also accept multiple downshifts, maintaining an absolutely smooth transition between ratios.
The optimised lightweight 8-speed transmission is the perfect partner to the torque-rich petrol and diesel engines, and contributes to their enhanced fuel efficiency.
The transmission is tuned to select torque converter lock-up as early as possible to reduce slip and energy loss. The wider ratio spread, tall overdriven top gear and the fact that no more than two internal clutches are open at any one time all contribute to improved fuel economy and emissions.
Transmission Idle Control disengages 70 per cent of the drive when the vehicle is stationary and the engine is idling in Drive, significantly reducing consumption in urban conditions. In cold conditions, the transmission selects a lower gear to promote fast warm up and get the engine up to its efficient operating temperature as soon as possible.
The hydraulic actuating system has been designed for increased efficiency, with improved pump design and gear control elements.
Enhanced efficiency drives improved sustainability
The new Range Rover demonstrates Land Rover's commitment to enhancing the sustainability of its products and operations, and its determination to deliver vehicles which are both relevant and highly desirable.
With its all-new lightweight aluminium structure and optimised powertrains - including the upcoming diesel Hybrid derivative - the new Range Rover addresses the growing consumer need for more socially acceptable vehicles in a carbon-conscious world.
Its greener credentials stem from a comprehensive approach to reducing environmental impact throughout the life-cycle of the vehicle, from development and manufacturing, to customer use and end-of-life.
World's first SUV with lightweight aluminium construction
The new Range Rover is the world's first SUV to feature an advanced all-aluminium body structure, delivering significantly reduced weight, improved performance and enhanced sustainability.
This all-new lightweight architecture will underpin the next generation of Range Rover SUVs, and is the result of a £1 billion investment programme. The next-generation design continues Jaguar Land Rover's leadership in such aerospace-inspired, high-performance lightweight aluminium structures, having pioneered the approach in mass production since 2003.
The all-aluminium monocoque body structure in the new Land Rover Range Rover is 39 per cent lighter than the steel body in the current, representing a weight saving of over 180kg for the bodyshell alone.
Not only the lightest in its class by a significant margin, the aluminium structure is also incredibly strong too. The body has been engineered to withstand the same punishing off-road impacts as all Land Rovers.
The joints in the shell are riveted and bonded together using techniques originally developed in the aerospace industry and adapted for automotive use by Jaguar Land Rover. This structure means that traditional energy intensive construction methods, such as spot welding, are not required, and the new Range Rover is produced in an all-new state-of-the-art body shop.
Optimised structure is lighter, stronger and more refined
The lightweight aluminium body structure has been subjected to the most extensive development and optimisation process ever undertaken by Land Rover. Unprecedented use of state-of-the-art computer simulation tools - demanding well over 1000 years of processor time - has resulted in an incredibly efficient structure.
Engineers used the latest 'multi-dimensional' CAE optimisation tools, which made it possible to minimise the weight, while simultaneously delivering outstanding stiffness and refinement together with excellent safety performance.
Incredibly powerful simulation tools more typically used to model crash events have also been exploited to analyse the punishing off-road load cases which form a key part of Land Rover engineering development, such as the crunching 'ditch drop' impact.
A key factor in the creation of such a weight-efficient body is the way different forms of aluminium components are employed within the structure: pressed panels, plus cast, extruded and rolled aluminium alloy parts, are combined in a rigorously optimised structure where the strength is concentrated precisely where the loads are greatest.
The resulting optimised structure protects occupants using an incredibly strong and stable safety cell, and provides a very stiff platform for superior NVH and vehicle dynamics.
Innovations to further reduce weight and enhance performance include the first automotive use of high strength AC300 aluminium within the crash structure. In another automotive first, the entire vehicle body side is pressed as a single aluminium panel - thus reducing the amount of joints, eliminating complex assemblies and improving structural integrity.
Lightweight technologies cut weight by up to 420kg
Land Rover engineers have combined the state-of-the-art lightweight structure with substantial weight reductions throughout the vehicle, to deliver total weight savings up to an incredible 420kg.
The enhanced efficiency of the new Range Rover is highlighted most effectively on diesel models, where the reduced weight of the vehicle has enabled the lighter TDV6 engine to be introduced, while delivering the same effortless performance as the outgoing TDV8 model. A total of 420kg lighter, the new TDV6 Range Rover achieves an overall reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of up to 22 per cent.
Range Rover engineers achieved the dramatic weight reduction through an incredibly rigorous development and optimisation process in which every possible weight saving opportunity was aggressively pursued. In addition to the lightweight aluminium body construction, the key weight-saving technologies in the vehicle include:
- Downsized 3.0-litre TDV6 diesel powertrain available in place of 4.4-litre TDV8, with no loss in performance
- All-aluminium door construction, including high performance lightweight aluminium side intrusion beams
- Advanced composite reinforced aluminium B-posts, to minimise intrusion in side impacts
- All-new lightweight front and rear suspension design with all-aluminium front and rear sub frames
- Optimised spring, damper and anti-roll bar designs
- All-new lightweight aluminium final drive units and optimised driveline components
- High precision lightweight magnesium castings used for the cross car beam and front end carrier
- SMC plastic upper tailgate panels
- Lightweight aluminium Brembo front brake callipers
- Lightweight high-strength steel seat structure
- All-new lightweight 19-inch alloy wheel design
Most aerodynamic Range Rover ever
With its more streamlined and rounded profile, the new model is the most aerodynamic Range Rover ever, achieving a drag coefficient (Cd) of 0.34, a 10 per cent improvement compared to the outgoing vehicle.
The aerodynamic performance was optimised during an incredibly intensive development effort using state-of-the-art computational fluid dynamics simulation tools, involving the equivalent of 1.5 million hours (or over 170 years) of processor time.
Among the special aerodynamic innovations which were optimised during the development process are:
- Active vanes - the new model is the first Range Rover to feature active vanes in the main grille aperture, which improve aerodynamics by blanking off the grille when cooling airflow is not required. The vanes are electronically controlled, and automatically adjust to one of 16 positions depending on the cooling flow required. This feature is standard on TDV6 models (Europe region)
- Aerodynamic under floor panelling - more extensive lightweight panelling has been incorporated to create a smooth, flat profile under the vehicle. Additional deflectors have been added around the front and rear suspension components, with front and rear under trays around the main driveline components
- Enhanced air flow - detail features to improve air flow include near-flush glazing on the A-pillars and vehicle side glass; separation edges incorporated in the rear lamps and D-pillars; optimised shaping of the door mirrors and upper rear spoiler
Careful attention has also been given to water management on the vehicle, including a hydrophobic coating on the front side door glass to help keep it clear of droplets, carefully shaped roof panels to avoid unwanted drips when tailgate is opened, and a rear wash wipe which is designed to avoid annoying drips.
Low-CO2 powertrain technologies
The advanced diesel and petrol powertrains on the new Range Rover have been extensively optimised to minimise fuel consumption, with CO2 emissions starting from just 196g/km.
Later in 2013, the engine line-up will be further boosted, when the new model will be the first Range Rover to offer a hybrid powertrain, with the introduction of a state-of-the-art diesel hybrid powertrain designed to combine exceptional fuel efficiency with outstanding refinement and effortless performance (target CO2 169g/km).
To ensure the greatest possible fuel efficiency, the latest Range Rover powertrains incorporate a comprehensive selection of low-CO2 technologies, including:
- Stop/Start system - TDV6 diesel models are available with an advanced intelligent stop/start system which improves fuel consumption by between 5 and 7 percent. The system features a Tandem Solenoid Starter with a dedicated secondary battery for instant restarting, and is standard fitment in European markets
- Smart regenerative charging - electrical charging system has an intelligent power management system which prioritises charging when the car is decelerating, capturing the wasted kinetic energy and reducing the fuel demand of the electrical system
- High-pressure direct injection - both petrol and diesel engines feature the latest high-pressure direct injection technology for more efficient combustion
- Optimised low-friction designs -state-of-the-art engine designs which have carefully developed to eliminate all unwanted frictional losses
- Electric fans - TDV6 and SDV8 diesels have been re-engineered with electric fans in place of viscous fans, to minimise parasitic losses when no cooling is needed
- Low viscosity transmission fluids - the 8-speed automatic is specified with the latest low viscosity fluid to maximise transmission efficiency.
The new Range Rover further reduces fuel consumption by adopting energy efficient Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS) in place of the previous hydraulic system, cutting CO2 emissions by over 3 per cent.
Sustainable by design, with lifecycle approach
In order to minimise the car's overall ecological impact, the new Range Rover has been designed with a lifecycle approach, aiming to minimise the environmental impact by considering the entire lifecycle of the vehicle: from development and manufacturing, through customer use, to end-of-life recycling and re-use.
Each element of the lifecycle was analysed with a view to consuming fewer natural resources, using more sustainable materials and minimising the generation of waste. The development process has included a full lifecycle assessment in line with ISO 14040/14044.
The new Land Rover Range Rover's aluminium construction makes a major contribution to its reduced carbon footprint. Up to 75 per cent of the aluminium material is sourced from recycled content, including closed loop recycling of waste metal from the manufacturing process, resulting in a significant saving of energy and CO2 emissions (body panels made from recycled material use only 5 percent of the energy required for new aluminium).
Further energy is saved during the manufacturing process, which does not require highly energy intensive processes like welding.
Recycled and renewable materials have been used wherever possible in the new Range Rover's design. High specification vehicles uses up to 31.5kg of recycled plastics, diverting over 8,820 tonnes of plastic from landfill during the carline's life. Natural and renewable materials, such as the luxurious leathers and veneers, represent 44.5kg of each vehicle.
Bridge of Weir leather, produced using unique 'low carbon' manufacturing processes, further enhances the environmental credentials of the vehicle, while the real wood veneers are all sourced from sustainable forests.
Advanced vehicle and safety technologies
To further enhance its impressive breadth of capabilities, the new Range Rover has been engineered with state-of-the-art vehicle and safety technologies, ranging from advanced driver assistance features such as the latest Adaptive Cruise Control system, to a comprehensive range of active and passive safety technologies.
Smart driver assistance technologies
The new Range Rover is packed with smart, relevant technologies to ensure that drivers enjoy a relaxed and stress-free experience behind the wheel. The latest driver assistance features are available to enhance comfort and safety include an enhanced Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) which operates even when the vehicle is travelling slowly or is stationary.
Adding to the standard ACC functionality, which maintains a pre-set time gap to the vehicle in front in slower moving or busy traffic, the new Queue Assist features extends the ACC function to allow the vehicle to come to a stop when it reaches a traffic queue.
When the car in front moves off, the driver can resume ACC operation by briefly touching the accelerator. The car then accelerates back to the pre-set cruising speed, maintaining the selected time gap to vehicles ahead.
Vehicles specified with ACC and Queue Assist also feature the Intelligent Emergency Braking (IEB) function
To offer enhanced awareness in today's congested traffic conditions, Range Rover drivers can also specify advanced new technologies to alert them to nearby vehicles which could create a hazard.
Blind Spot Monitoring uses side-mounted radar sensors to survey potential blind spots either side of the vehicle, and alerts the driver when vehicles are detected within this area. The system is optimised to work at lower speeds commonly encountered in urban conditions or on congested motorways.
It now is combined with Closing Vehicle Sensing, a new feature which extends the function of the system by scanning a zone much further behind the vehicle, to detect vehicles which are closing quickly from behind and which could cause a threat during a lane change manoeuvre. Drivers are alerted by a rapid flashing of the existing Blind Spot warning light in the corresponding wing mirror.
A further additional new function, Reverse Traffic Detection, uses radar detectors in the rear of the car to warn about potential collisions during reversing manoeuvres, such as reversing out of a parking space. The system is active when reverse gear is selected and can detect a vehicle approaching from either side, alerting the driver in the event of a potential collision.
Other driver assistance technologies which help to reduce stress behind the wheel include the Adjustable Speed Limiter Device, which enables the driver to set their own personal maximum speed, the latest Surround Camera System incorporating T Junction view, Trailer reverse park guidance and Trailer hitch guidance, and headlamps with Automatic High Beam Assist and Adaptive Xenon lighting.
Electric Power-Assisted Steering with Park Assist
The new Range Rover adopts the latest electric power-assisted steering (EPAS) technology, which has enhanced potential for tuning to deliver outstanding steering feel, and which helps to reduce overall vehicle CO2 emissions. The new technology also enables customers to benefit from the Park Assist feature, which helps to identify a suitable parallel parking space, and then automatically steers the vehicle into place.
The EPAS system has been meticulously tuned by Land Rover engineers, who have gained extensive experience of system tuning through other recent products like the Range Rover Evoque.
The steering is a variable ratio system which provides a fast overall steering ratio, but which is slower just around the on-centre position - this gives the vehicle an effortless quality, while ensuring the stability and relaxed character of a Range Rover when operating at speed.
By varying the level of power assistance, the steering is light and responsive when manoeuvring at lower speeds, while being much firmer for a more confident and assured response at higher speeds.
Terrain Response® functionality is also improved, since the EPAS system is able to vary the steering feedback according to the different friction levels offered by any given road surface, from snow through to sand.
Other specific features built into the control software to ensure a natural and consistent steering feel include:
- Damping which varies according to steering speed
- Pull/Drift (camber) Compensation, to avoid annoying steering corrections by mitigating the effect of road crown
- Soft Lock Stops, to provide a cushioned feeling to the driver and avoid an abrupt feeling as the steering meets the lock stops
- Active Return, improves self-centring of the steering, avoiding torque build-up as steering wheel angle increases
- Parking Torque Control, for consistently light and effortless steering
Powerful braking with lightweight Brembo calipers
The new Range Rover has been engineered with a powerful all-disc braking system for confident stopping in all conditions, featuring six-piston lightweight Brembo calipers on the front brakes for enhanced performance and reduced weight.
The generous disc diameters of 380mm front/365mm rear provide huge thermal capacity, capable of achieving outstanding stopping performance, whether solo or towing a trailer.
The Range Rover is equipped with an Electronic Park Brake (EPB) which activates directly on the rear brake calipers, and has been carefully optimised to provide smooth and refined automatic disengagement when the car moves off.
Performance of the braking and stability systems is also enhanced by the latest Bosch 6-piston brake modulator, which delivers faster responses and smoother, quieter and more refined operation.
Enhanced active safety technologies
The impressive stopping power of the new Range Rover is complemented by a comprehensive suite of active safety technologies, designed to enhance braking, stability and traction.
For the first time, the Range Rover is available with Intelligent Emergency Braking. Included on vehicles fitted with Adaptive Cruise Control, this new feature can help drivers avoid a collision if the traffic ahead slows quickly or another vehicle suddenly moves into their lane.
The Intelligent Emergency Braking (IEB) feature incorporates Advanced Emergency Brake Assist (AEBA). When in operation, the system uses a forward-looking radar to detect vehicles ahead moving in the same direction, and in the event of a possible collision, the driver is alerted by a visual and audible warning signal.
If the risk of collision increases after the warning, AEBA prepares the brake system for rapid braking and the brakes are applied gently. If the brake pedal is depressed quickly, then braking is implemented with full brake function.
In the event that a collision is judged to be unavoidable, a driver warning will be given and IEB will automatically apply an emergency braking pressure level to help minimise the speed of impact.
The full suite of active safety features on the new Range Rover includes:
- Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
- Roll Stability Control (RSC)
- Electronic Traction Control (ETC)
- Trailer Stability Assist (TSA)
- Hill Descent Control (HDC) and Gradient Release Control (GRC)
- Hill Start Assist (HSA)
- Engine Drag torque Control (EDC)
- Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
- Electronic brake force distribution (EBD
- Emergency brake lights (EBL)
- Emergency brake as
source : Land Rover Press